Being away from the big cities from the mouths of rivers, its waters lack of pollution, this factor and the fact of being outside the Caribbean hurricane zone have their sea corals have the percentage of higher living the world (65%).
Also in the archipelago are concentrated 95% of coral species throughout the Caribbean own counting unique and endemic species in the area.
The incredible biodiversity of these islands only surpassed by that of the Galapagos, has Bocas del Toro earned the name “LIVING ISLAND”.
As said before, if you’ve ever thought about diving, this is the ideal place. Bocas del Toro in this sport is so exciting for both novices and experts and in their internal waters at depths between 12 and 18 meters offers the magnificent spectacle to observe the concentration of live coral highest in the world, here should always dive flashlight beam spread, even in the daytime dives, to observe the great variety of colors red, purple and magenta that exist there. In terms of fauna, coral reefs are home to countless species of fish, shrimps, crabs, starfish, spiders, clams, sea horses, fish, frogs and eels and a huge amount and variety of sponges.
Example of the enormous biodiversity of these islands are the pristine tropical forests located in one of its keys, you can observe the spectacle of a rainforest in the middle of a reef, formed by several species of trees native to coastal wetland area, which grow under conditions of movement of water (salted / sweet), as well as its unique and endemic species of bats and frogs dart multicolored Mangrove forests can transform salt water into fresh water to their functions, these floating forests maintain a very close to marine life, its intertwined roots provide protection and shelter to fish and shellfish in their larval stages, plus many other nutrients. Dolphins ply its waters and four of the eight turtle species identified in the world visit the area: white or green, hawksbill, loggerhead and bighead or the largest of all, the impressive canal.
The spawning season and mating ranges from March to September during which he can easily see this natural spectacle.
Finally Swan Swan Cay cay or also known as Bird Island, one of the best kept secrets in Bocas del Toro, is a nature reserve consists of a small group of islands forming impressive it looks from above a “cathedral of stone “. Here lives a great number of species of seabirds, sedentary and migratory, such as brown pelicans, frigate, the brown booby and the tropical bird so it should not be surprising that birders can find more than 350 species their natural habitat.
All this grand spectacle of biodiversity that can be enjoyed on these islands, amply justifies the nickname “Island Living”.
In their midst was created Bastimentos National Marine Park in which ecotourism is practiced and is a natural attraction of the archipelago. This reserve covers an approximate area of 13200 hectares, of which 11,600 are from sea and land are 1600 islands in this park are protected especially lobsters and the turtles that nest on beaches, in addition to the flora and fauna site
They are also protected from logging mangroves, rainforest and its destruction cause by the effects of sedimentation in an environmental impact that would destroy the ecosystem of coral reefs and the life of fish and crustaceans that inhabit it. The most visited sites in the park are two keys by natural beauty, known as Cayo Slipper.
In its pristine beaches, formed by coral sand and surrounded by coconut palms, nesting hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata), a species in greatest danger of extinction and the turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), considered the largest in the group of turtles.